Publication I March 27, 2021
Standard operation procedure for switchSENSE DRX systems
There is currently a large panel of technologies available to address molecular interactions in vitro. Each technology presents individual advantages and drawbacks, and it becomes challenging to choose which technology will be best suited for a molecular interaction of interest. Approaches can be broadly categorized as either microfluidic surface-bound methods (such as Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) or switchSENSE) or in-solution methods (such as Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) or MicroScale Thermophoresis (MST)). In-solution methods are advantageous in terms of sample preparation and ease of use as none of the binding partners are subjected to immobilization. On the other hand, surface-based techniques require only small amounts of immobilized interaction partner and provide off-rate characterization as unbound analytes can be removed from the surface to observe analyte dissociation. Here, a standard operating procedure (SOP) for the switchSENSE method is presented, which aims to guide new users through the process of a switchSENSE measurement, covering sample preparation, instrument and biochip handling as well as data acquisition and analysis. This guide will help researchers decide whether switchSENSE is the right method for their application as well as supporting novice users to get the most information out of a switchSENSE measurement. switchSENSE technology offers the unique advantage of a controlled DNA-based ligand surface within a microfluidic channel which allows the user to distribute specifically up to two different ligand molecules on the surface at a customized density and ratio. The technology offers multi-parameter characterization of binding kinetics, affinity, enzymatic activity, and changes in protein conformation.